Visual Communication

 

Version 1.0. November 17, 2004

 

 

Teun A. van Dijk

Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona

 

 

Aderkas, S. (2000). Interkulturelle Bildsemiotik im Translationsprozess. Kontrastive Analysen deutscher und spanischer Fachtexte. Frankfurt am Main New York: P. Lang.

 

Aguilar R. C. R. (1994). Introducción al lenguaje de la imagen. La Paz, Bolivia: Ediciones Gráficas "E.G.".

 

Albers, M. J., & Mazur, B. (Eds.). (2003). Content & complexity. Information design in technical communication. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

 

Alfano, C. L., & O'Brien, A. J. (2004). Envision. Persuasive writing in a visual world. New York: Pearson Longman.

 

Altarriba, A. (1992). La Escritura y su espacio. Barcelona: PPU.

 

Alvarez, J. T., & Aguilera, C. (1989). Historia de los medios de comunicación en España. Periodismo, imagen y publicidad, 1900-1990. Barcelona: Ariel.

 

Alvarez, L. (1985). Poétique du direct télévisuel. Louvain-la-Neuve: Ciaco.

 

Anceschi, G. (1992). L'oggetto della raffigurazione. Milano: Etaslibri.

 

Andermann, J., & Rowe, W. (Eds.). (2004). Images of power. Iconography, culture and state in Latin America. New York: Berghahn Books.

 

Anderson, M., Cheng, P., & Haarslev, V. (2000). Theory and application of diagrams. First International Conference, Diagrams 2000, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK, September 2000 : Proceedings. New York: Springer.

 

Anis, J., Chiss, J. L., & Puech, C. (1988). L'écriture, théories et descriptions. Bruxelles: De Boeck-Université.

 

Antonucci, G. (1985). Visione e percezione. Corso di educazione visiva. Roma: Nuova Italia scientifica.

 

Arabyan, M. (2000). Lire l'image. Émission, réception, interprétation des messages visuels. Paris: Harmattan.

 

Astric, S., & Barbier-Bouvet, J. F. (1983). L'Image fixe. Espace de l'image et temps du discours. Paris: Documentation française.

 

Babin, P. (1992). Nouveau langage, nouvelle culture. [Paris?: s.n.

 

Bachand, D., & Cossette, C. (1976). Paroles d'images. Éco-sémio-logie de l'image fonctionnelle statique : [bibliographie]. Québec: École des arts visuels, Université Laval.

 

 

 

Bal, M. (1997). Images littéraires, ou, Comment lire visuellement Proust. Montréal, Québec Toulouse, France: XYZ Presses universitaires du Mirail.

 

Bal, M. (1997). The mottled screen. Reading Proust visually. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press.

 

Barker, P. G., & Yazdani, M. (Eds.). (2000). Iconic communication. Bristol, UK Portland, OR, USA: Intellect.

 

Barker-Plummer, D. (Ed.). (2002). Words, proofs, and diagrams. Stanford, Calif.: CSLI Publications.

 

Barlex, D., & Carré, C. (1985). Visual communication in science. Learning through sharing images. Cambridge [Cambridgeshire] New York: Cambridge University Press.

 

Barnard, M. (1998). Art, design, and visual culture. An introduction. New York: St. Martin's Press.

 

Barnard, M. (2001). Approaches to understanding visual culture. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire New York: Palgrave.

 

Barnouw, D. (1994). Critical realism. History, photography, and the work of Siegfried Kracauer. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

 

Barry, A. M. (1997). Visual intelligence. Perception, image, and manipulation in visual communication. Albany: State University of New York Press.

 

Barthel, D. L. (1988). Putting on appearances. Gender and advertising. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

 

Beljon, J. J. (1987). Ogen open. Grondbeginselen van vormgeving. Amsterdam: Arbeiderspers.

 

Bentz, V. M., & Mayer, P. E. F. (Eds.). (1993). Women's power and roles as portrayed in visual images of women in the arts and mass media. Lewiston, NY: E. Mellen Press.

 

Bergala, A. (1977). Initiation à la sémiologie du récit en images. Paris (3, rue Récamier, 75341, cedex 07): Service audio-visuel de la Ligue française de l'enseignement et de l'éducation permanente.

 

Berger, A. A. (1989). Seeing is believing. An introduction to visual communication. Mountain View, Calif.: Mayfield Pub. Co.

 

Berger, A. A. (1998). Seeing is believing. An introduction to visual communication. Mountain View, Calif.: Mayfield Pub. Co.

 

Berryman, G. (1990). Notes on graphic design and visual communication. Los Altos, Calif.: Crisp Publications.

 

Béville, G. (1977). Images à méditer. En trois mots, communication, création, personnalité. Paris: Maloine.

 

Béville, G. (1980). L'expression écrite, image de l'enterprise. Structure, style, présentation. Paris: Editions d'organisation.

 

Bienvenu, S. (2000). The presentation skills workshop. Helping people create and deliver great presentations. New York: American Management Association.

 

Bisanz, E. (2002). Malerei als ecriture. Semiotische Zugänge zur Abstraktion. Wiesbaden: Deutscher Universitäts-Verlag.

 

Blackwell, A. F. (Ed.). (2001). Thinking with diagrams. Dordrecht Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

 

Blackwell, A. F., Marriott, K., & Shimojima, A. (2004). Diagrammatic representation and inference. Third international conference, Diagrams 2004 Cambridge, UK, March 22-24, 2004 : proceedings. Berlin New York: Springer.

 

Blaisse, L., & Gaillard, F. (1999). Temps denses. Architecture, beauté, communication, design, mode. [Besançon] Paris: Imprimeur Téraèdre.

 

Blase, K. O. (1991). Texte über Kunst und visuelle Kommunikation. München Kassel: S. Schreiber Gesamthochschule Kassel.

 

Bohn, R. (1985). Wahl und Wiederholung. Signifikationsgenetik und ästhetische Gestaltung in der urbanisierten Wirklichkeit. Essen: Blaue Eule.

 

Bolc, L. (Ed.). (1984). Natural language communication with pictorial information systems. Berlin New York: Springer.

 

Bosredon, B. (1997). Les titres de tableaux. Une pragmatique de l'identification. Paris: Presses universitaires de France.

 

Bosshart, L., & Chuard, J. P. (1988). Communication visuelle. L'image dans la presse et la publicité. Fribourg, Suisse: Editions universitaires.

 

Bowman, W. J. (1967). Graphic communication. New York: Wiley.

 

Braga, J. L., Fausto Neto, A., & Pôrto, S. D. (1995). A encenação dos sentidos. Mídia, cultura e política. Rio de Janeiro, RJ: Diadorim Associação Nacional dos Programas de Pós-Graduação em Comunicação.

 

Brander Jonsson, H. (1984). Visual paraphrases. Studies in mass media imagery. Uppsala [Sweden] Stockholm, Sweden: S. Academiae Ubsaliensis Almqvist & Wiksell International [distributor].

 

Brandes, U. (1995). Sehsucht. Über die Veränderung der visuellen Wahrnehmung. Göttingen: Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland Steidl.

 

Brandt, R. (2001). Meisterwerke der Malerei. Von Rogier van der Weyden bis Andy Warhol. Leipzig: Reclam.

 

Brasseur, L. E. (2003). Visualizing technical information. A cultural critique. Amityville, N.Y.: Baywood Pub.

 

Braun, G. (1989). Umwelt, Wahrnehmung, Bild, Kommunikation. Hildesheim New York Berlin: G. Olms Hochschule der Künste.

 

Bringéus, N. A. (1982). Volkstümliche Bilderkunde. München: Callwey.

 

Brødsted, H. (1980). Billeder og kommunikation. Et undervisningsoplæ. [Køenhavn]: Køenhavns universitet, Repro. afdelingen.

 

Busquets i Grabulosa, L. (1977). Para leer la imagen. Mass-media y educación. Madrid: Publicaciones ICCE.

 

Buteau, J. D. (1976). Nonprint materials on communication. An annotated directory of select films, videotapes, videocassettes, simulations and games. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press.

 

Caldwell, J. T. (1995). Televisuality. Style, crisis, and authority in American television. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.

 

Calzavara, E., & Celli, E. (1975). Il lavoro di spettatore. Roma: Armando.

 

Cameron, A. (Ed.). (2005). Looking for America. The visual production of nation and people. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

 

Camuffo, G., & Greiman, A. (1987). Pacific wave. California graphic design. Udine [Italy]: Magnus.

 

Canale, F. (1983). Un grafico e una città. Napoli: Edizioni scientifiche italiane.

 

Canevacci, M. (1990). Antropologia della comunicazione visuale. Roma: Sapere 2000.

 

Canevacci, M. (1995). Antropologia della comunicazione visuale. Per un feticismo metodologico. Genova: Costa & Nolan.

 

Carlotto, M. J. (1993). Digital image processing and visual communications technologies in the earth and atmospheric sciences II : 19-20 November 1992, Boston, Massachusetts. Bellingham, Wash., USA: SPIE.

 

Carson, F., & Pajaczkowska, C. (Eds.). (2001). Feminist visual culture. New York: Routledge.

 

Castagnotto, U. (1983). Il lessico della comunicazione visiva. [Torino]: Gruppo editoriale Forma.

 

Castiglioni, A., & Mastropietro, M. (1991). Progettare mostre. Dieci lezioni di allestimento. Milano: Lybra immagine.

 

Chadarevian, S., & Hopwood, N. (Eds.). (2004). Models. The third dimension of science. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press.

 

Chambers, C., & Cockcroft, D. (1998). Speaking through pictures. New York: Franklin Watts.

 

Chaplin, E. (1994). Sociology and visual representation. London New York: Routledge.

 

Chappé, J. M. (1993). L'infographie de presse. Paris: Editions du Centre de formation et de perfectionnement des journalistes.

 

Chen, C. (2003). Mapping scientific frontiers. The quest for knowledge visualization. London New York: Springer.

 

Chesnais, R. (1990). Les racines de l'audio-visuel. Esquisse d'une histoire de la figuration et de la représentation en Occident. Paris: Anthropos Diffusion, Economica.

 

Christian, A. M., & Amiet, P. (1982). Systèmes idéographiques et pratiques expressives. Actes du colloque international de l'Université Paris VII, 22, 23 et 24 avril 1980. Paris: Le Sycomore.

 

Christin, A. M. (2000). Poétique du blanc. Vide et intervalle dans la civilisation de l'alphabet. Leuven: Peeters-Vrin.

 

Clark, G., & Zimmerman, E. (1978). Art/design. Communicating visually. Blauvelt, N.Y.: Art Education.

 

Clemente, R., & Bohlin, R. M. (1990). Visual literacy. A selected bibliography. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Educational Technology Publications.

 

Clunas, C. (1997). Pictures and visuality in early modern China. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

 

Coco Davani, M. C., & Corona, D. (1994). Narratività e cultura visiva. Atti del Seminario di Palermo, 15 maggio 1992. Palermo: Flaccovio.

 

Cocula, B., & Peyroutet, C. (1986). Sémantique de l'image. Pour une approche méthodique des messages visuels. Paris: Delagrave.

 

Cohen, J. (1998). Spectacular allegories. Postmodern American writing and the politics of seeing. London Sterling, Va.: Pluto Press.

 

Cölfen, H. (1999). Werbewelt-Bilder im Wandel. Eine linguistische Untersuchung deutscher Werbeanzeigen in Zeitvergleich (1960-1990). Frankfurt am Main New York: P. Lang.

 

Coll, G. (2002). Graphic communication. Applying principles. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

 

Conolly-Smith, P. (2004). Translating America. An immigrant press visualizes American popular culture, 1895-1918. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Books.

 

Contemori, L., & Pettinari, P. (1993). Il segno tagliente. Meccanismi comunicativi e pragmatici della satira politica grafica. Alessandria: Edizioni dell'orso.

 

Cooke, L., & Wollen, P. (Eds.). (1998). Visual display. Culture beyond appearances. New York: New Press Distributed by W.W. Norton.

 

Corradini, N. (1985). Semiotica e comunicazione visiva. Pisa: ETS.

 

Cossette, C. (1974). Approche scientifique de l'image communicationnelle. Québec: École des arts visuels, Université Laval.

 

Cossette, C. (1975). Méthode K-7, pour la mise au point d'une image fonctionnelle sémantiquement saturée. Québec: École des arts visuels, Université Laval.

 

Cossette, C. (1982). How pictures speak. A brief introduction to iconics : paper presented at the 32nd International Communication Association Conference, Boston, May 1-5, 1982. Québec: Riguil international.

 

Cossette, C. (1982). Les images démaquillées, ou, L'iconique. Comment lire et écrire des images fonctionnelles pour l'enseignement, le journalisme et la publicité. Sillery, Québec: Editions Riguil internationales.

 

Cossette, C. (1983). Les images démaquillées. Approche scientifique de la communication par l'image. Sillery, Québec, Canada: Editions Riguil internationales.

 

Cossette, C., & Tessier, Y. (1974). Du mot à l'image. Guide de lectures pour une approche systématique de l'image fonctionnelle. Québec: Groupe de recherche sur l'image fonctionnelle, École des arts visuels, Université Laval.

 

Coulter-Smith, G., Owen, M., & Walker, J. A. (Eds.). (2000). The visual-narrative matrix. Interdisciplinary collisions and collusions. Southampton: Fine Art Research Centre, Southampton Institute.

 

Craig, J., & Barton, B. (1987). Thirty centuries of graphic design. An illustrated survey. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications.

 

Cremonini, G., & Frasnedi, F. (1984). Scena e racconto. Lingua e cinema, lettura e narrazione. Bologna: Il Mulino.

 

Crow, D. (2003). Visible signs. An introduction to semiotics. Crans-pres-Celigny, Switzerland New York: AVA Pub. SA Distributed by Sterling Pub. Co.

 

Curiel, F. (1989). Mal de ojo. Iniciación a la literatura icónica. México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

 

Curtiss, D. (1987). Introduction to visual literacy. A guide to the visual arts and communication. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.

 

D'Agostino, P., & Muntadas (Eds.). (1982). The Un/necessary image. New York: Tanam Press.

 

Dalmasso, M. T. (1995). Qué imagen, de qué mundo? El hombre y las lecturas de la imagen : ícono, símbolo, índice, cosa o mero simulacro. Córdoba: Universidad Nacional de Córdoba.

 

Danbolt, G., & Meyer, S. (1988). Når bilder formidler. En bok om visuell kommunikasjon. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.

 

Darras, B. (1996). Au commencement était l'image. Du dessin de l'enfant à la communication de l'adulte. Paris: E.S.F.

 

Davies, D., Bathurst, D., & Bathurst, R. (1990). The telling image. The changing balance between pictures and words in a technological age. Oxford [England] New York: Clarendon Press Oxford University Press.

 

Davis, H. H., & Walton, P. (Eds.). (1983). Language, image, media. New York: St. Martin's Press.

 

Denton, C. (1992). Graphics for visual communication. Dubuque, IA: Wm. C. Brown Publishers.

 

Desideri, P. (1996). La pubblicità tra lingua e icona. Ancona: Humana editrice.

 

Dikovitskaya, M. (2005). Visual culture. The study of the visual after the cultural turn. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

 

Docquiert, F., & Piron, F. (1998). Image et politique. Actes du colloque des Rencontres internationales de la photographie, Arles, 1997. [Arles] [Paris]: Actes Sud AFAA.

 

Dogana, F. (1990). Le parole dell'incanto. Esplorazioni dell'iconismo linguistico. Milano, Italy: F. Angeli.

 

Domínguez Rey, A. (1988). Masaje del mensaje. Lingüística semiótica. Madrid: Torre Manrique Publicaciones.

 

Domsich, J. (1991). Visualisierung, ein kulturelles Defizit? Der Konflikt von Sprache, Schrift und Bild. Wien: Böhlau.

 

Drescher, K. H. (1997). Erinnern und Verstehen von Massenmedien. Empirische Untersuchungen zur Text-Bild-Schere. Wien: WUV-Universitätsverlag.

 

Duncum, P., & Bracey, T. (Eds.). (2001). On knowing. Art and visual culture. Christchurch, N.Z.: Canterbury University Press.

 

Dupont, L. (1999). Images that sell. 500 ways to create great ads. Ste.-Foy, Quebec: White Rock Pub.

 

Easterby, R. S., & Zwaga, H. J. G. (Eds.). (1984). Information design. The design and evaluation of signs and printed material. Chichester New York: Wiley.

 

Edeline, F., Klinkenberg, J. M., & Minguet, P. (1992). Traité du signe visuel. Pour une rhétorique de l'image. Paris: Seuil.

 

Edgren, H., & Roos, M. (2003). Bild och berättelse. Åbo [Finland]: Åbo Akademis tryckeri.

 

Elkins, J. (1996). The object stares back. On the nature of seeing. New York: Simon & Schuster.

 

Elkins, J. (1997). The object stares back. On the nature of seeing. San Diego: Harcourt Brace.

 

Elkins, J. (1999). The domain of images. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

 

Elkins, J. (2003). Visual studies. A skeptical introduction. New York: Routledge.

 

Ellis, S. R., Kaiser, M. K., & Grunwald, A. C. (Eds.). (1990). Pictorial communication in virtual and real environments. London: New York Taylor & Francis.

 

Espe, H., & Adam, M. (1986). Visuelle Kommunikation. Empirische Analysen. Hildesheim New York: G. Olms.

 

Everett, A., & Caldwell, J. T. (Eds.). (2003). New media. Theories and practices of digitextuality. New York: Routledge.

 

Facetti, G., & Fletcher, A. (1971). Identity kits. A pictorial survey of visual signals. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

 

Fahlenbrach, K. (2002). Protest-Inszenierungen. Visuelle Kommunikation und kollektive Identitäten in Protestbewegungen. Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag.

 

Faigley, L. (2004). Picturing texts. New York: W.W. Norton.

 

Fame Ndongo, J. (1991). La communication par les signaux en milieu rural. Le cas du Cameroun. Yaoundé: Editions SOPECAM.

 

Farago Leonardi, M. (1994). Mani che gestiscono. Simbolismo mimico-gestuale nel Catanese. Catania: C.U.E.C.M.

 

Faruque, O. (1984). Graphic communication as a design tool. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.

 

Fausing, B., & Larsen, P. (1980). Visuel kommunikation. [Køenhavn]: Medusa.

 

Fletcher, A. (2001). The art of looking sideways. London New York: Phaidon.

 

Floch, J. M. (1995). Identités visuelles. Paris: Presses universitaires de France.

 

Floch, J. M. (2000). Visual identities. London New York: Continuum.

 

Foges, C. (2001). Imagination. London New York, NY: Phaidon.

 

Foote, K. E. (1983). Color in public spaces. Toward a communication-based theory of the urban built environment. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago, Dept. of Geography.

 

Fox, R. F. (Ed.). (1994). Images in language, media, and mind. Urbana, Ill.: National Council of Teachers of English.

 

Fraenza, F. (1995). Semejanza e imagen. La indexicalidad como factor de reconocimiento primario del texto icónico. Córdoba, Argentina: Dirección General de Publicaciones de la Universidad Nacional de Córdoba.

 

Frank, P. (1992). Gestaltung als Mittel der Kulturpolitik. [Stuttgart]: Edition Cantz Das Institut.

 

Frascara, J. (2004). Communication design. Principles, methods, and practice. New York: Allworth Press.

 

Frascara, J., Meurer, B., Toorn, J., & Winkler, D. (1997). User-centred graphic design. Mass communications and social change. London Bristol, PA: Taylor & Francis.

 

Freier, R. (1984). Der eingeschränkte Blick und die Fenster zur Welt. Zur politischen Ästhetik visueller Medien. Marburg: Jonas.

 

Fresnault-Deruelle, P. (1983). L'image manipulée. Paris: Edilig.

 

Fresnault-Deruelle, P. (1997). L'image placardée. Pragmatique et rhétorique de l'affiche. [Paris]: Nathan.

 

Frey, S. (1999). Die Macht des Bildes. Der Einfluss der nonverbalen Kommunikation auf Kultur und Politik. Bern Seattle: H. Huber.

 

Fuery, P., & Fuery, K. (2003). Visual cultures and critical theory. London New York: Arnold Distributed in the United States of America by Oxford University Press.

 

García-Noblejas, J. J. (1982). Poética del texto audiovisual. Introducción al discurso narrativo de la imagen. Pamplona: Ediciones Universidad de Navarra.

 

García-Noblejas, J. J. (2000). Comunicación borrosa. Sentido práctico del periodismo y de la ficción cinematográfica. Pamplona: Ediciones Universidad de Navarra.

 

Garmston, R. J., & Wellman, B. M. (1992). How to make presentations that teach and transform. Alexandria, Va.: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

 

Gauthier, A. (1993). L'impact de l'image. Paris: L'Harmattan.

 

Gauthier, G. (1976). Graphisme narratif et bande dessinée. Écriture d'avant-hier, écriture d'aujourd'hui. [Paris: Ligue française de l'enseignement et de l'éducation permanente.

 

Gauthier, G. (1982). Vingt leçons sur l'image et le sens. Paris: Edilig.

 

Gendolla, P., Ludes, P., & Roloff, V. (2002). Bildschirm, Medien, Theorien. München: Fink.

 

Gervereau, L. (1994). Voir, comprendre, analyser les images. Paris: Découverte.

 

Gervereau, L. (1999). Peut-on apprendre à voir? Paris: Ecole nationale supérieure des beaux-arts.

 

Gervereau, L. (2000). Les images qui mentent. Histoire du visuel au XXe siècle. Paris: Seuil.

 

Gervereau, L. (2003). Ces images qui changent le monde. Paris: Seuil.

 

Giallongo, A. (1995). L'avventura dello sguardo. Educazione e comunicazione visiva nel Medioevo. Bari: Dedalo.

 

Gierstberg, F., Oosterbaan, W., & Dijck, J. (Eds.). (2002). The image society. Essays on visual culture. Rotterdam: NAi Publishers.

 

Givens, J. A. (2004). Observation and image-making in Gothic art. New York: Cambridge University Press.

 

Glusberg, J. (1986). Rhetoric of art. Milan, Italy: Giancarlo Politi Editore.

 

González Ochoa, C. (1986). Imagen y sentido. Elementos para una semiótica de los mensajes visuales. México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Investigaciones Filológicas.

 

Grainge, P. (2002). Monochrome Memories. Nostalgia and Style in Retro America. Westport, Conn.: Praeger.

 

Grandjean, A., & Rohde, B. (1976). Grafisk kommunikation. Seks artikler for bogvenner om figurer og billeder. Køenhavn: Forening for Boghaandvæk : Nyt Nordisk Forlag.

 

Grassi, E., & Schmale, H. (1982). Das Gespräch als Ereignis. Ein semiotisches Problem. München: W. Fink.

 

Graves, P. R., & Kupsh, J. (1999). Professional presentations using technology. Little Rock, AR: Delta Pi Epsilon.

 

Greif, M. (1991). The visual factory. Building participation through shared information. Cambridge, Mass.: Productivity Press.

 

Grieshaber, J., & Kröplien, M. (1989). Grafik-Design. Das Rohe und das Gekochte : die Philosophie der neuen Grafik. Stuttgart: Edition Cantz.

 

Groisman, M., & La Ferla, J. (2000). El medio es el diseño. Estudios sobre la problemática del diseño y su relación con los medios de comunicación. Buenos Aires: Eudeba.

 

Gross, S. (1994). Lese-Zeichen. Kognition, Medium und Materialität im Leseprozess. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.

 

Gubern, R. (1988). Mensajes icónicos en la cultura de masas. Barcelona: Editorial Lumen.

 

Gubern, R. (1996). Del bisonte a la realidad virtual. La escena y el laberinto. Barcelona: Editorial Anagrama.

 

Hanks, K., & Belliston, L. (1990). Rapid viz. A new method for the rapid visualization of ideas. Los Altos, CA: Crisp Publications.

 

Hanson, A. (2002). Visual writing. New York: LearningExpress.

 

Hansson, H., Karlsson, S. G., & Nordström, G. Z. (1992). Bildspråkets grunder. Om konst, film/TV, reklam, nyheter, barn/ungdomskultur. [Stockholm]: Almqvist & Wiksell.

 

Harms, W. (1990). Text und Bild, Bild und Text. DFG-Symposion 1988. Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler.

 

Haselstein, U., Ostendorf, B., & Schneck, P. (Eds.). (2003). Iconographies of power. The politics and poetics of visual representation. Heidelberg: Winter.

 

Heesen, A. (2002). The world in a box. The story of an eighteenth-century picture encyclopedia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

 

Hegarty, M., Meyer, B., & Narayanan, N. H. (2002). Diagrammatic representation and inference. Second international conference, Diagrams 2002, Callaway Gardens, GA, USA, April 18-20, 2002 : proceedings. Berlin : New York: Springer.

 

Heinz, M., & Bonatz, D. (2002). Bild, Macht, Geschichte. Visuelle Kommunikation im Alten Orient. Berlin: Reimer.

 

Helfand, J. (2001). Screen. Essays on graphic design, new media, and visual culture. New York: Princeton Architectural Press.

 

Henderson, K. (1999). On line and on paper. Visual representations, visual culture, and computer graphics in design engineering. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

 

Henrion, F. H. K. (1983). Top graphic design. Examples of visual communication by leading graphic designers = visuelles Kommunikations-Design an Beispielen führenden Grafik-Designer. Zürich: ABC Edition.

 

Hentschel, K. (2002). Mapping the spectrum. Techniques of visual representation in research and teaching. Oxford New York: Oxford University Press.

 

Heusser, M., Nänny, M., Voogd, P. J., & Lüthy, H. A. (Eds.). (1993). Word & image interactions. A selection of papers given at the Second International Conference on Word and Image, Universität Zürich, August 27-31, 1990. Basel: Wiese Verlag.

 

Hill, C. A., & Helmers, M. H. (Eds.). (2004). Defining visual rhetorics. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

 

Hirner, R. (1997). Vom Holzschnitt zum Internet. Die Kunst und die Geschichte der Bildmedien von 1450 bis heute. Ostfildern-Ruit: Cantz.

 

Hocks, M. E., & Kendrick, M. R. (Eds.). (2003). Eloquent images. Word and image in the age of new media. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

 

Hogbin, S. (2000). Appearance & reality. A visual handbook for artists, designers, and makers. Bethel, CT: Cambium Press.

 

Holland, D. K. (Ed.). (2001). Design issues. How graphic design informs society. New York: Allworth Press.

 

Holly, M. A. (1996). Past looking. Historical imagination and the rhetoric of the image. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

 

Honeywill, P. (1999). Visual language for the World Wide Web. Exeter, England Portland, OR: Intellect.

 

Hoogvliet, M. (Ed.). (2004). Multi-media compositions from the Middle Ages to the early modern period. Dudley, MA: Peeters.

 

Hooper-Greenhill, E. (2000). Museums and the interpretation of visual culture. London New York: Routledge.

 

Horn, R. E. (1998). Visual language. Global communication for the 21st century. Bainbridge Island, Wash.: MacroVU, Inc.

 

Horton, W. K. (1991). Illustrating computer documentation. The art of presenting information graphically on paper and online. New York: Wiley.

 

Hunt, A. W. (2003). The vanishing Word. The veneration of visual imagery in the postmodern world. Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway Books.

 

Iliprandi, G. (1984). Visual design. 50 anni di produzione in Italia. [Italy]: Idealibri.

 

Ingemann, B. (1979). Mere end tusind ord. En bog om brug af billeder, tekster og tal. [Køenhavn]: Gjellerup Media.

 

Ingemann, B. (1989). Billedteori. Roskilde: Institut for uddannelsesforskning, kommunikationsforskning og videnskabsteori, Roskilde universitetscenter.

 

Ishizaki, S. (2003). Improvisational design. Continuous, responsive digital communication. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

 

Jegensdorf, L., Bodmann, P. J., & Jahnz, R. (1980). Schriftgestaltung und Textanordnung. Theorie u. didakt. Praxis d. visuellen Kommunikation durch Schrift. Ravensburg: Maier.

 

Jenks, C. (Ed.). (1995). Visual culture. London New York: Routledge.

 

Jenny, P., Beck, P., & Brock, B. (1981). Sign and design =. Zeichnen und Bezeichnen. Zurich: Institut of Visual Design, Department of Architecture, Federal Institute of Technology.

 

Kantor, A. T. (1999). Winning your case with graphics. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

 

Kapitzki, H. W. (1980). Programmiertes Gestalten. Grundlagen für das Visualisieren mit Zeichen. Karlsruhe: D. Gitzel.

 

Kepplinger, H. M. (1987). Darstellungseffekte. Experimentelle Untersuchungen zur Wirkung von Pressefotos und Fernsehfilmen. Freiburg [im Breisgau]: K. Alber.

 

Kettemann, B., Stegu, M., & Stöckl, H. (1998). Mediendiskurse. Verbal-Workshop Graz 1996. Frankfurt am Main New York: P. Lang.

 

Kitch, C. L. (2001). The girl on the magazine cover. The origins of visual stereotypes in American mass media. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

 

Klebe, I., & Klebe, J. (1989). Die Sprache der Zeichen und Bilder. Eine populärwissenschaftliche Darstellung der optischen Aspekte der nonverbalen Kommunikation. Köln: Aulis Verlag Deubner.

 

Kliege, M., & Tietenberg, A. (1993). Integrale Kunstprojekte. 9. Oktober bis 7. November 1993 : eine Ausstellung der Neuen Gesellschaft für Bildende Kunst (NGBK), Berlin. Berlin: NGBK.

 

Knieper, T., & Müller, M. G. (2001). Kommunikation visuell. Das Bild als Forschungsgegenstand : Grundlagen und Perspektiven. Köln: Halem.

 

Konitzer, W. (1995). Sprachkrise und Verbildlichung. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann.

 

Kostelnick, C., & Hassett, M. (2003). Shaping information. The rhetoric of visual conventions. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.

 

Krampen, M. (1988). Geschichte der Strassenverkehrszeichen. Diachronische Analyse eines Zeichensystems. Tübingen: Stauffenburg.

 

Krampen, M., & Preziosi, D. (1983). Visuelle Kommunikation und/oder verbale Kommunikation? Hildesheim New York Berlin: G. Olm Hochschule der Künste.

 

Kübler, H. D. (1983). Wider den "Visuellen Analphabetismus". Siegen: Forschungsschwerpunkt Massenmedien und Kommunikation an der Universität-Gesamthochschule-Siegen.

 

Kugler-Kruse, M. (1988). Die Entwicklung visueller Zeichensysteme. Von der Geste zur Gebärdensprache. Bochum: Brockmeyer.

 

Kwakkel-Scheffer, J. J. C. (1983). Beelden in woorden. De term "beeld" in theorie en praktijk van de beeldcommunicatie. Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger.

 

Landa, R. (1998). Thinking creatively. New ways to unlock your visual imagination. Cincinnati, Ohio: North Light Books.

 

Landa, R., Anderson, D. M., & Gonnella, R. (2000). Creative jolt. Cincinnati, Ohio: North Light Books.

 

Laulan, A. M. (1971). L'image dans la société contemporaine. [Paris: E. P. Denoël.

 

Laulan, A. M. (1972). Image et communication. Paris: Éditions universitaires.

 

Lawler, E. (1994). Copy chasers on creating business-to-business ads. Lincolnwood, Ill., USA: NTC Business Books.

 

Leconte, B. (2000). Images abymées. Essais sur la réflexivité iconique. Paris: Harmattan.

 

Leconte, B. (2001). Lire l'audiovisuel. Précis d'analyse iconique. Paris: Harmattan.

 

Leconte, B. (2002). Télé, notre bon plaisir. Enonciation télévisuelle et pédagogie. Paris: L'Harmattan.

 

Lefèvre, W., Renn, J., & Schoepflin, U. (Eds.). (2003). The power of images in early modern science. Basel Boston: Birkhäuser.

 

Legrand, C. (1980). Visualiser un exposé oral. Paris: Éditions d'organisation.

 

Lester, P. L. (2000). Visual communication. Images with messages. Australia Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Pub. Co.

 

Lester, P. M. (1995). Visual communication. Images with messages. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth Pub. Co.

 

Letelier, S., & Brugnoli, F. (1992). Visualidad y neguentrópia. Un enfoque al equilibrio visual. Santiago: Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Arquitectura y Urbanismo.

 

Leufert, G., & Sotillo, A. (1984). La emblemática de Gerd Leufert. Selección. Caracas: Ediciones Galería de Arte Nacional.

 

Levenson, H. R. (2000). Understanding graphic communication. Selected readings. Pittsburgh: GATFPress.

 

Liff, S., & Posey, P. A. (2004). Seeing is believing. How the new art of visual management can boost performance throughout your organization. New York: AMACOM.

 

Lindekens, R. (1976). Essai de sémiotique visuelle. Le photographique, le filmique, le graphique. Paris: Klincksieck.

 

Lindekens, R. (1991). Texte, image et société. Paris: Aux Amateurs de lives [i.e. livres] Diffusion, Klincksieck.

 

Lloyd-Jones, P. (1991). Taste today. The role of appreciation in consumerism and design. Oxford New York: Pergamon Press.

 

Løgreen, H. (1988). Blædvæk, brædvidde og mentale billeder. Visuel kommunikation om den tredje verden. Aalborg: Institut for sprog og internationale kulturstudier, Aalborg universitetscenter.

 

Lohr, L. L. (2003). Creating graphics for learning and performance. Lessons in visual literacy. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Merrill.

 

Lorenz, A., & Salzman, S. (1991). Drawing in color. Rendering techniques architects and illustrators. New York: Whitney Library of Design.

 

Lucci, V. (1998). Des écrits dans la ville. Sociolinguistique des écrits urbains : l'exemple de Grenoble. Paris, France: L'Harmattan.

 

Lum, K., Chevrier, J. F., Friedel, H., & Schulz, B. (1993). Ken Lum. Come on, get up!. München: Städtische Galerie in Lenbachhaus.

 

Lupton, E. (1996). Mixing messages. Graphic design in contemporary culture. New York: Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, Smithsonian Institution Princeton Architectural Press.

 

Mablekos, C. M. (1991). Presentations that work. New York, NY: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.

 

Maltese, C. (1983). Dalla semiologia alla sematometria. Studi sulla comunicazione visiva. Roma: Il Bagatto.

 

Mandel, S. (1987). Effective presentation skills. Los Altos, Calif.: Crisp Publications.

 

Mandel, S. (1993). Effective presentation skills. Menlo Park, Calif.: Crisp Publications.

 

Mandel, S. (2000). Effective presentation skills. A practical guide for better speaking. Menlo Park, Calif.: Crisp Publications.

 

Marcus, J. (1991). Designers' self image. An international showcase of identity graphics. New York: Library of Applied Design.

 

Marriott, K., & Meyer, B. (1998). Visual language theory. New York: Springer.

 

Massironi, M. (1982). Vedere con il disegno. Aspetti tecnici, cognitivi, comunicatvivi. Padova: F. Muzzio.

 

Massironi, M. (2002). The psychology of graphic images. Seeing, drawing, communicating. Mahwah, N.J.: L. Erlbaum.

 

Mc Kevitt, P., Ó Nualláin, S., & Mulvihill, C. (Eds.). (2002). Language, vision, and music. Selected papers from the 8th International Workshop on the Cognitive Science of Natural Language Processing, Galway, Ireland, 1999. Amsterdam Philadelphia: John Benjamins Pub.

 

Messaris, P. (1994). Visual "literacy". Image, mind, and reality. Boulder: Westview Press.

 

Messaris, P. (1997). Visual persuasion. The role of images in advertising. Thousand Oaks London New Delhi: Sage Publications.

 

Meyer, E. K. (1997). Designing infographics. [Indianapolis, Ind.]: Hayden Books.

 

Miles, M. R. (1985). Image as insight. Visual understanding in Western Christianity and secular culture. Boston: Beacon Press.

 

Miletich, J. J. (1981). Bulletin boards and communication. A bibliography of information in books. Monticello, Ill.: Vance Bibliographies.

 

Mirzoeff, N. (1999). An introduction to visual culture. London New York: Routledge.

 

Mirzoeff, N. (Ed.). (1998). The visual culture reader. London New York: Routledge.

 

Mitchell, W. J. T. (2005). What do pictures want? The lives and loves of images. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

 

Moldi-Ravenna, C., & Sartorelli, G. (1981). Nel segno di Modena. [Modena]: Comune di Modena, Dipartimento istruzione cultura sport tempo libero, Galleria civica.

 

Mons, A. (2002). La traversée du visible. Images et lieux du contemporain. Paris: Passion.

 

Morgan, J., & Welton, P. (1986). See what I mean. An introduction to visual communication. London Baltimore, Md., USA: E. Arnold.

 

Morgan, J., & Welton, P. (1992). See what I mean? An introduction to visual communication. London New York: E. Arnold Distributed in the USA by Routledge, Chapman, and Hall.

 

Moro, W. (1985). Didattica della comunicazione visiva. Scandicci, Firenze: La Nuova Italia.

 

Moro, W. (1991). Lettura e didattica del racconto visivo. Dal fumetto allo spot pubblicitario. Scandicci (Firenze): Nuova Italia.

 

Morpurgo, G. (1985). Il gusto di rivedere. Immagini : scritture, trascrizioni e progetto. Milano, Italy: F. Angeli.

 

Mortier, R. (1999). Visualisation. Berlin: Berlin Verlag A. Spitz.

 

Muckenhaupt, M. (1986). Text und Bild. Grundfragen der Beschreibung von Text-Bild-Kommunikationen aus sprachwissenschaftlicher Sicht. Tübingen: Narr.

 

Naumann, B. (1993). Vom Doppelleben der Bilder. Bildmedien und ihre Texte. München: Fink.

 

Nelson, R. S. (Ed.). (2000). Visuality before and beyond the Renaissance. Seeing as others saw. Cambridge, U.K. New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.

 

Neumann, C. (1998). Der Sinn der Sinne. Göttingen: Steidl.

 

Nordström, G. Z. (1996). Rum relation retorik. Ett projekt om bildteori och bildanalys i det postmoderna samhället. Stockholm: Carlsson.

 

Novak, H. J. (1987). Textgenerierung aus visuellen Daten. Beschreibungen von Strassenszenen. Berlin New York: Springer-Verlag.

 

Novitz, D. (1977). Pictures and their use in communication. A philosophical essay. The Hague: M. Nijhoff.

 

O'Hara, K. (Ed.). (2003). Public and situated displays. Social and interactional aspects of shared display technologies. Dordrecht Boston: Kluwer Academic Pub.

 

Öhlschläger, C., & Neumann, G. (2004). Inszenierungen in Schrift und Bild. Bielefeld: Aisthesis.

 

Oliveira, A. C., & Fechine, Y. (1998). Imagens técnicas. [São Paulo, Brazil]: Hacker Editores Centro de Pesquisas Sociossemióticas, PUC-SP-USP-CNRS.

 

Oliveira, A. C., & Fechine, Y. (1998). Visualidade, urbanidade, intertextualidade. [São Paulo, Brasil]: Hacker Editores Centro de Pesquisas Sociossemióticas, PUC-SP:COS-USP-CNRS.

 

Palmer, R., & Frangenberg, T. (Eds.). (2003). The rise of the image. Essays on the history of the illustrated art book. Aldershot, Hants, Eng. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

 

Pardo, J. L. (1989). La banalidad. Barcelona: Editorial Anagrama.

 

Parks, T. E., & Rock, I. (Eds.). (2001). Looking at looking. An introduction to the intelligence of vision. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

 

Pericot, J. (1987). Servirse de la imagen. Un análisis pragmático de la imagen. Barcelona: Ariel.

 

Peters, J. M. L. (1974). Principes van de beeldcommunicatie. Groningern: H. D. Tjeenk Willink.

 

Peters, J. M. L. (1977). Pictorial communication. Cape Town: D. Philip.

 

Peterson, L. (1984). Seriealbum på myternas marknad. Stockholm: Liber.

 

Peterson, L. (1995). Bilder som fascinerar. Behoven, smaken, tidsandan. Stockholm: Carlssons.

 

Pettersson, R. (1989). Visuals for information. Research and practice. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Educational Technology Publications.

 

Pettersson, R. (2002). Information design. An introduction. Amsterdam Philadelphia: John Benjamins Pub. Co.

 

Pettersson, R., & Pettersson, R. (1993). Visual information. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Educational Technology Publications.

 

Pfitzer, G. M. (2002). Picturing the past. Illustrated histories and the American imagination, 1840-1900. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.

 

Pichlhöfer, H. (1999). Typisch Afrika. Über die Interpretation von Afrikabildern : eine semiotische Studie. Wien: Sonderzahl.

 

Pike, R. W., & Sonntag, C. (1991). Dreams. Working words of wit and wisdom. Eden Prairie, MN: Resources for Organizations.

 

Pinkus, K. (1996). Picturing silence. Emblem, language, counter-reformation materiality. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

 

Pointer, H. (1990). Schulische Textarbeit und visuelle Systeme. Studie zu einem fächerübergreifenden, semiotisch orientierten Text- und Literaturunterricht. Frankfurt am Main New York: P. Lang.

 

Porcher, L. (1976). Introduction à une sémiotique des images. Sur quelques exemples d'images publicitaires. Paris: Didier.

 

Pörksen, U. (1997). Weltmarkt der Bilder. Eine Philosophie der Visiotype. Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta.

 

Przyblyski, J. M., & Schwartz, V. R. (Eds.). (2004). The nineteenth century visual culture reader. New York: Routledge.

 

Quéau, P. (1986). Eloge de la simulation. Seyssel [Paris] [Paris]: Champ Vallon Institut national de la communication visuelle Diffusion, Presses universitaires de France.

 

Racine, N. (2002). Visual communication. Understanding maps, charts, diagrams, and schematics. New York: LearningExpress.

 

Rauch, A. (2001). L'immagine complessa. Segno, simbolo, forma, colore : analisi e progetto di immagini coordinate. Siena [Italy]: Protagon.

 

Raymond, L. (1994). Reinventing communication. A guide to using visual language for planning, problem solving, and reengineering. Milwaukee, Wis.: ASQC Quality Press.

 

Reimund, W. (1993). Ikonizität und emotionale Bedeutung bildlicher Darstellung in der Alltagskommunikation mit Hilfe von Printmedien. Frankfurt am Main New York: P. Lang.

 

Reiss, E. (1995). Pension Sehblick. Eidetik audiovisueller Medien : eine Videotopik der Seherkenntnis. Frankfurt am Main New York: P. Lang.

 

Renoue, M., & Floch, J. M. (1996). Analyse sémiotique de la perception d'un objet naturel. Limoges: PULIM.

 

Riedemann, K. (1988). Comic, Kontext, Kommunikation. Die Kontextabhängigkeit der visuellen Elemente im Comic Strip, exemplarisch untersucht an der Gag-Strip-Serie Peanuts. Frankfurt am Main New York: P. Lang.

 

Rio, M. (1992). Rêve de logique. Essais critiques. Paris: Editions du Seuil.

 

Robenhagen, H. (1985). Dias i 3. verdens formidling. En indkredsning af fotografiets formåen i skildringen af 3. verden. Køenhavn: Køenhavns universitets institut for kultursociologi.

 

Robins, K. (1996). Into the image. Culture and politics in the field of vision. London New York: Routledge.

 

Robotti, C. (1999). Punti di vista. Forma, percezione e comunicazione visiva. Lecce: Edizioni del grifo.

 

Rodowick, D. N. (2001). Reading the figural, or, Philosophy after the new media. Durham: Duke University Press.

 

Rohde, C. C., & Platteel, A. (1999). Symbol soup. Amsterdam New York: BIS Publishers Thames and Hudson.

 

Rose, G. (2001). Visual methodologies. An introduction to the interpretation of visual materials. London Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage.

 

Rosenbaum, A. (2003). Regards imaginaires. Essais préliminaires à une écologie visuelle. Paris: L'Harmattan.

 

Rotzler, W., & Garamond, J. N. (1983). Art and graphics. Reciprocal relations between contemporary art and graphics = Kunst und Grafik : die wechselseitigen Beziehungen zwischen zeitgenössischer Kunst und Grafik = Art et graphisme : les correspondances entre l'art et le graphisme de notre temps. Zürich: ABC Verlag.

 

Rouard-Snowman, M. (1992). Museum graphics. New York, N.Y.: Thames and Hudson.

 

Rugoff, R., Vidler, A., & Wollen, P. (1997). Scene of the crime. Cambridge, Mass.: Published in association with the MIT Press.

 

Saint-Martin, F. (1987). Sémiologie du langage visuel. Sillery, Québec: Presses de l'Université du Québec.

 

Saint-Martin, F. (1990). Semiotics of visual language. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

 

Samoyault, T. (1997). Give me a sign! What pictograms tell us without words. New York: Viking.

 

Sauerbier, S. D. (1985). Wörter, Bilder und Sachen. Grundlegung einer Bildersprachlehre. Heidelberg: C. Winter.

 

Schapiro, M. (1996). Words, script, and pictures. Semiotics of visual language. New York: G. Braziller.

 

Scheunemann, D. (Ed.). (1996). Orality, literacy, and modern media. Columbia, SC: Camden House.

 

Schlatter, C., & Falck, M. (1984). Les années 80. La création en France. Paris: Flammarion.

 

Schmitz, U., & Wenzel, H. (2003). Wissen und neue Medien. Bilder und Zeichen von 800 bis 2000. Berlin: E. Schmidt.

 

Schnitzer, J. (1994). Wort und Bild. Die Rezeption semiotisch komplexer Texte : dargestellt anhand einer Analyse politischer "pintadas". Wien: Braumüller.

 

Schraner, M. (1988). Konzeptionelles Kursbuch. Grundlagen der kreativen Werbung. Glattbrugg: Curti-Medien.

 

Schroeder, J. E. (2002). Visual consumption. London New York: Routledge.

 

Schuster, M. (2000). Kunstpsychologie. Kreativität, Bildkommunikation, Schönheit. [Baltmannsweiler, Germany]: Schneider Verlag Hohengehren.

 

Schuster, M., & Woschek, B. P. (1989). Nonverbale Kommunikation durch Bilder. Stuttgart: Verlag für Angewandte Psychologie.

 

Schwarcz, J. H. (1982). Ways of the illustrator. Visual communication in children's literature. Chicago: American Library Association.

 

Seiter, J. (1991). Blutigrot und silbrig hell--. Bild, Symbolik und Agitation der frühen sozialdemokratischen Arbeiterbewegung in Österreich. Wien: Böhlau.

 

Sharpling, G. (2003). The role of the image in the prose writing of Erasmus, Rabelais, Marguerite de Navarre, and Montaigne. Lewiston: E. Mellen Press.

 

Siegel, R. S. (1984). American graphic designers. Thirty years of design imagery. New York: McGraw-Hill.

 

Sillars, S. (1995). Visualisation in popular fiction, 1860-1960. Graphic narratives, fictional images. London New York: Routledge.

 

Smiles, S. (2000). Eye witness. Artists and visual documentation in Britain 1770-1830. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Pub.

 

Smith, K. (Ed.). (2005). Handbook of visual communication research. Theory, methods, and media. Mahwah, N.J.: L. Erlbaum.

 

Sonneman, M. R. (1997). Beyond words. A guide to drawing out ideas. Berkeley, Calif.: Ten Speed Press.

 

Speake, C. J. (1999). I've got an idea! Ideas & projects on time and on budget using Visual Thought Charts (VTCs) : a great set of practical tools. San Diego, CA: Stillwater Press.

 

Spolsky, E. (Ed.). (2004). Iconotropism. Turning toward pictures. Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press.

 

Stafford, B. M. (1996). Good looking. Essays on the virtue of images. Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press.

 

Stankowski, A., & Duschek, K. (1989). Visuelle Kommunikation. Ein Design-Handbuch. Berlin: D. Reimer.

 

Starkey, K., & Wenzel, H. (Eds.). (2004). Visual culture and the German Middle Ages. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

 

Stephens, M. (1998). The rise of the image, the fall of the word. New York: Oxford University Press.

 

Stöckl, H. (2004). Die Sprache im Bild, das Bild in der Sprache. Zur Verknüpfung von Sprache und Bild im massenmedialen Text : Konzepte, Theorien, Analysemethoden. Berlin New York: Walter de Gruyter.

 

Sturken, M., & Cartwright, L. (2001). Practices of looking. An introduction to visual culture. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press.

 

Taureg, M., & Ruby, J. (1987). Visual explorations of the world. Selected papers from the International Conference on Visual Communication. Aachen: Edition Herodot-RaderVerlag.

 

Taylor, A. P., Vlastos, G., & Marshall, A. (1991). Architecture and children. Teachers guide interdisciplinary learning activities of the architecture and children curriculum. Seattle, Wash.: Architecture and Children Institute.

 

Tetzchner, S., & Martinsen, H. (1992). Introduction to symbolic and augmentative communication. San Diego, Calif.: Singular Pub. Group.

 

Thévoz, M. (1989). Détournement d'écriture. Paris: Editions de Minuit.

 

Thiele, J., & Fuchs, V. (1998). Von der Unklarheit des Wortes in die Klarheit des Bildes? Festschrift für Johannes Thiele. Tübingen: Stauffenburg.

 

Thierauf, R. J. (1992). Image processing systems in business. A guide for MIS professionals and end users. New York: Quorum Books.

 

Tomaszkiewicz, T. (1999). Texte et image dans les communications aux masses. Pozna n: Wydawn. Nauk. Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu.

 

Tonfoni, G. (1991). La comunicazione aziendale come arte visiva. Paese, Treviso: Pagus.

 

Tonfoni, G. (1991). La scrittura multimediale. Tecniche di progettazione e di design testuale. Paese, Treviso: Pagus.

 

Tonfoni, G. (1992). Partitura, solfeggio, movimento. Note di esecuzione di scrittura. Paese, Treviso: Pagus.

 

Tudesq, A. J. (1997). Patrimoine de l'image, images du patrimoine en Aquitaine. Talence: Editions de la Maison des sciences de l'homme d'Aquitaine.

 

Tufte, E. R. (1990). Envisioning information. Cheshire, Conn. (P.O. Box 430, Cheshire 06410): Graphics Press.

 

Tufte, E. R. (1997). Visual explanations. Images and quantities, evidence and narrative. Cheshire, Conn.: Graphics Press.

 

Turtschi, R. (1998). Mediendesign. Sulgen: Niggli.

 

Uebele, A. (1999). Schrift im Raum. Visuelle Kommunikation und Architektur. Mainz: Hermann Schmidt.

 

Urban, D. (1980). Text im Kommunikationsdesign. Zur Gestaltung von Texten für die visuell-verbale, audioverbale und audiovisuell-verbale Kommunikation. München: Bruckmann.

 

Van Leeuwen, T., & Jewitt, C. (Eds.). (2001). Handbook of visual analysis. London Thousand Oaks [Calif.]: SAGE.

 

Vilches, L. (1983). La lectura de la imagen. Prensa, cine, televisión. Barcelona: Ediciones Paidós.

 

Virilio, P. (1988). La machine de vision. Paris: Editions Galilée.

 

Virilio, P. (1994). The vision machine. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

 

Walker, J. A., & Chaplin, S. (1997). Visual culture. An introduction. Manchester, UK New York New York: Manchester University Press Distributed exclusively in the USA by Palgrave.

 

Warncke, C. P. (1987). Sprechende Bilder, sichtbare Worte. Das Bildverständnis in der frühen Neuzeit. Wiesbaden: In Kommission bei O. Harrassowitz.

 

Wetzel, M., & Wolf, H. (1994). Der Entzug der Bilder. Visuelle Realitäten. München: W. Fink.

 

Wilde, J., & Wilde, R. (1991). Visual literacy. A conceptual approach to graphic problem solving. New York: Watson-Guptill.

 

Wilde, R. (1986). Problems, solutions. Visual thinking for graphic communicators. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

 

Wileman, R. E. (1993). Visual communicating. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Educational Technology Publications.

 

Wilkin, C., & Klanten, R. (2003). Index-A. Berlin [Germany]: Gestalten Verlag.

 

Winter, A. (1998). Das graphische Erscheinungsbild öffentlicher Bibliotheken. Untersuchung ausgewählter Beispiele. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

 

Worth, S., & Gross, L. P. (Ed.). (1981). Studying visual communication. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

 

Young, F. M. (1985). Visual studies. A foundation for artists and designers. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.

 

Zanetti, M. A. (1999). Parola e immagine. [Scandicci] (Firenze): La nuova Italia.

 

Zapalac, K. E. S. (1990). In his image and likeness. Political iconography and religious change in Regensburg, 1500-1600. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

 

Zec, P., & Orazem, V. (Eds.). (2004). Emerging paradigm--design and change. Inventing new forms of experience and communication. Essen [Germany]: Red Dot Edition.

 

Zimmer, A., & Zimmer, F. (1978). Visual literacy in communication. Designing for development. Amersham: Hulton [for] the International Institution for Adult Literacy Methods.

 

Zonn, L. (Ed.). (1990). Place images in media. Portrayal, experience, and meaning. Savage, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

 

Zwaga, H. J. G., Boersema, T., & Hoonhout, H. C. M. (Eds.). (1999). Visual information for everyday use. Design and research perspectives. London: Taylor & Francis.